West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) are both mosquito-borne illnesses and they have made themselves a seasonal presence in Massachusetts. In fact, Catherine Brown, the state’s epidemiologist, recently decided that the public health council needed an update on these specific illnesses because they are a particular threat to local citizens.
August and September are when WNV and EEE are most active in South Shore and Fall River as well as all over the state. The first cases of WNV in mosquitoes were found here in late June.
Knowing what you are looking for and protecting against makes the fight against disease easier.
Here are some facts about WNV and EEE to keep in mind.
West Nile Virus (WNV) was first discovered in 1999. While there is no treatment most people recover on their own. The basic symptoms are fever, headache, body aches, nausea and vomiting, and rash, but most people won’t have symptoms at all. However, few cases can lead to encephalitis and meningitis, swelling of the brain or spinal cord. Of those cases, 10% will die. Between 2000 and 2010, 67 people in Massachusetts contracted WNV and 6 of those people died. WNV is common in urban areas and stagnant water plays a factor in that. The heat and rain this year makes it likely that WNV could be a problem.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) was first discovered in Massachusetts in 1938. Between 2000 and 2016 there have been 26 human cases of EEE in Massachusetts. Mosquitoes contract EEE from infected birds and they then spread it on to humans. No treatment exists. Symptoms begin with a spiked fever, headache, stiff neck, and lack of energy. After a few days swelling of the brain can occur. Progression of EEE is quick and some can be in a coma within a week. Half of all those diagnosed in Massachusetts have died. Most that survive become permanently disabled. Few people recover from EEE.
Protection Start with Mosquito Bite Prevention
There are 51 types of mosquitoes living in Massachusetts. Not all carry disease, but all females can bite and it’s unlikely that you will be able to tell what type of mosquito is biting you at the time. With mosquito-disease possible every year and these diseases carrying the possibility of death, you can’t choose to deal with the annoyance and be safe. You must protect yourself from mosquito bites.
When you are out, the state public health website suggests using repellents such as DEET and permethrin. Also, wear sleeves and long pants and avoid being out at dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are at their worst.
At home be sure to check screens for holes and windows for gaps so that mosquitoes don’t end up in your house. Control standing water outside as well, since this creates the best breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Mosquito Squad of Fall River and the South Shore want to help protect you and your family as well. Our mosquito barrier treatment eliminates 85-90% mosquitoes on your property. The time-released formula continues to work for up to three weeks. Don’t take unnecessary risks when it comes to mosquito and tick-borne illnesses. Use Mosquito Squad’s services and take the risk out of your living spaces. Call us today.
There are lots of great reasons to add a water feature to your garden. They can be beautiful. The sound of a fountain can be quite tranquil. Water can attract butterflies and birds. However, water can also attract mosquitoes and there’s NOTHING beautiful or tranquil about that.
Controlling Mosquitoes in Water Features
Now don’t talk yourself out of the addition of a pond or fountain just yet. Adult mosquitoes are going to be attracted to your pond and will likely lay eggs. There’s little control of that, but controlling the larvae is something you can do. Keeping the baby mosquitoes from successfully developing into adults and exiting the water will cut down on the mosquito population altogether.
How to Keep Mosquitoes From Developing in Your Water Feature
First of all, mosquito eggs survive in shallow water, so dig deep. It’s best if any water feature you create is at least two feet deep. Also, any feature that includes a quick drop off will be less favorable.
Moving water is better too. The addition of a waterfall can be the perfect way to keep water from becoming stagnant while adding soothing sound.
Next, you’re going to want to keep any organic debris out of your water source. Vegetation provides food, shade, and shelter to the mosquito larvae and you don’t want that.
Another great addition… fish! Fish can swallow up tons of mosquitoes.
If you have a huge problem or are considering features such as bird baths that are going to be shallow and non-moving you may want to consider larvicides. These will eliminate mosquito larvae without harming other living organisms.
Now that we’ve helped you decide that you can keep your pond or fountain we have one more issue to address. Remember those adult mosquitoes? The ones that will still be attracted to the water, the ones that lay the eggs? Mosquito Squad of South Shore has the solution for that. Our mosquito barrier treatment will eliminate 85-90% of existing mosquitoes on contact and it’s time released formula continues to work for up to three weeks. There’s no reason you can’t build the garden and pond area that you want and enjoy it without the annoyance of mosquitoes. Call us today to schedule your treatment. You’ll be so glad you did. 508-536-4855
With the recently reported increase in tick and mosquito-borne illness over the last 13 years, it probably makes you wonder where we stand with the increase of Lyme disease in Massachusetts. We have great news… it’s actually decreased in our state over the last few years.
If the CDC says numbers are up then how can we be telling you numbers are down?
There’s a cool interactive map and graph that’s going to help you understand. You’ll notice if you go to the graph while other states’ Lyme instances are going up, ours are going down. Yay us! We love this map as well. It actually shows county by county the number of cases of Lyme disease from 2000 to 2016. Evidence that our numbers are going down is right here on the map where you can see that in 2012 there were 1.38 cases per 1,000 people in Plymouth County and .95 cases per 1,000 in Bristol County. In 2016 these numbers are down to .05 in Plymouth and .02 in Bristol. These are great tools to see what’s going on with Lyme disease across the country.
Keep Up the Good Work with Tick Safety!
If our numbers are going down while other states are going up, that means we are doing what we are supposed to do. That’s on the state education level, on the professional pest control level, and on the personal level. Remaining educated and aware of what’s going on in the state is a key element of all three.
However, we have to understand that just because our numbers are going down, that doesn’t mean we can slack off. Professor Kim Lewis of the Northeastern University Biology department tells News at Northeastern that as our urban and suburban spaces grow, we create parks and yards that are the perfect size for mice but too small for their predators. That makes for more mice and subsequently more ticks. Without continued diligence in tick control, we can lose ground as easily as we’ve gained it.
At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we are going to continue our efforts by bringing you as much information as we can. We recognize that it’s always changing and that our customers look to us to keep them informed. We hope you will continue doing what you’ve been doing: keeping your yard clear of tick habitats, keeping your pets protected with topical treatment, and reporting the tick activity you encounter. All of these things are going to help us continue this trend. We’d like to put our efforts together with yours. If you take all you’re doing on your own and add our tick treatment programs we can eliminate 90% of the ticks in your yard and keep them out. Eliminating ticks is how we are going to keep our Lyme numbers down in Massachusetts. Call us today to create the plan that’s best for you. 508-536-4855
There are 51 types of mosquitoes in Massachusetts, but that doesn’t mean they all affect us.
Each type of mosquito is different. They live in different places, they feed off of different things, they feed at different times.
While interesting that there are so many different types, to focus on information from all of them would be overwhelming, instead, we will tell you about the seven you will most commonly see here in Massachusetts and feed on mammals. Disease from Mosquitoes is rare in Massachusetts, but there is a real danger of transferring Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile to humans and horses as well as heartworm to our dogs and cats. Knowing everything we can about the types of mosquitoes that pose a threat, is helpful in avoiding that threat.
Aedes albopictus First collected in the US at a tire dump in Texas this species exists in over 25 states in the US. It is able to breed in a container as well as nature. It only requires a quarter of an inch of water to complete its life cycle. First documented in Massachusetts in 2000.
Aedes vexans Very common in summer. They reproduce quickly so the number is likely to grow over the summer, especially after large rain events. Definite carrier of West Nile and EEE.
Coquillettidia perturbans Common June to August. Will bite birds and mammals alike. Vicious biter that will go inside your home. Larvae can reside at submerged roots of aquatic plants. Suspected in transmission of EEE.
Culex salinarius Common in summer. Vicious biter of birds and mammals. Fast to reproduce so population grows over summer. Night active. Tested to transmit West Nile. Larvae found in swamp water.
Culex pipens A common year-round mosquito that primarily feeds on birds. Prefers safe nibbling, primarly biting people when they are sleeping. The primary vector of West Nile Virus.
Ochlerotatus canadensis Late spring to summer active. Vicious biter of humans. Larvae found in woodland and grassy areas. Primary suspect of heartworm in dogs and also in EEE from birds to humans.
Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus Native to the Orient. Prefers to live in artificial containers instead of in nature. Not a huge pest to humans but has carried West Nile.
We spend a lot of time talking about water and mosquitoes. Whether it’s a wet early spring that’s going to lead to a heavy mosquito season or us reminding you to clear areas that hold water, excess water leads to more standing water which becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes. More water = more mosquitoes.
So logically you might think dryer weather would mean fewer reasons to discuss mosquitoes and mosquito control. Apparently, someone forgot to tell the mosquitoes and they are not logical creatures.
Dryer Weather Causes Mosquitoes to Bite More
The University of Cincinnati does a great deal of research into mosquito behavior. They have an entire room for mosquitoes to roam in and they keep it 82 degrees and humid. Researchers feed mosquitoes blood through a film meant to resemble skin. They’ve found that if they remove some of the humidity, making conditions dryer, the mosquitoes bite more.
In the dryer air, the mosquitoes may not only be looking for a meal of blood for the sake of protein to breed. They are thirsty, possibly even dehydrated, and they see humans as “a big bag of water”. Who knew?
Mosquito Control is for Warm Weather, Dry or Wet
So, while the wet weather might create more mosquitoes to bite us, dry weather makes them bite us more often. The more bites the more chance of spreading disease. We can’t win.
At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, wet or dry we say let’s keep them out of your yard. Our mosquito barrier spray will eliminate 85-90% of the mosquitoes in your yard on contact. You can’t get diseases from mosquitoes you don’t have. Call us today to schedule your barrier spray treatment. 508-536-4855
Considering we live in a part of the country that is steeped in the Lyme epidemic, the news about ticks is not surprising. Tick disease and tick control is a daily conversation around here. However, with so much focus on ticks and Lyme disease maybe we haven’t paid as much attention as we should to these other dangerous vectors. This is the first time the CDC has reported on ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas in one report and it really amplifies the burden of these illnesses on the United States. In the year 2004 there were 27,388 cases of disease caused by these pests. In 2016 there were 96,075 cases. The CDC states that the US needs to be better prepared for the dangers these rising numbers can cause.
Mosquitoes and Fleas
Zika, West Nile virus and dengue fever are all spread by mosquitoes, can be transmitted locally in the U.S., and were the most heavily transmitted during this 13-year study.
While fairly rare, the plague is transmitted locally by fleas in the US. The most recent cases have occurred in New Mexico and Arizona.
Of the cases monitored in the thirteen-year uprising, 40% of them were caused by mosquitoes and fleas.
Why are Vector-Borne Diseases on the Rise?
Overseas travel and commerce are a large contributing factor to the increase in mosquito-borne illness. “We don’t know what will threaten Americans next,” said CDC Director Robert R. Redfield, M.D. The increase in the number of mosquitoes and ticks as well as their movement into areas of the country they were not recognized before are also contributing factors to the rise in disease.
New germs that can be transmitted by ticks and mosquitoes have surfaced within the last 13 years. Lyle Petersen, M.D., M.P.H., director of the Division of Vector-Borne Diseases in the CDC’s National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases states that “We need to support state and local health agencies responsible for detecting and responding to these diseases and controlling the mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that spread them.”
The CDC advises local governments focus on 3 things: 1. tracking and testing for disease and the mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas that carry them. 2. training staff on protection and control. 3. training the public on control and treatment.
What Should We Do to Lower Our Risk?
Finally, the CDC report reminds us of the basics of at-home protection and control.
Use insect repellent.
Wear long sleeves and pants, tucking your pants into your socks so that ticks cannot climb up your legs.
Treat clothes and tents with permethrin or buy pretreated materials.
Do thorough tick checks when returning home.
Treat and check pets for ticks and fleas.
These are just the basics. At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we know that tick protection isn’t new for you. However, the added emphasis on protecting against mosquitoes and fleas may seem overwhelming. It doesn’t have to be that way. The same barrier spray treatment that we use to protect against ticks will also eliminate 85-90% of mosquitoes from your yard and continue to work for up to 3 weeks. The added yearlong protection of our tick tube system will have you already working on next year’s tick season before it begins. And we can add flea control to your regular tick or mosquito treatment.
The recognition of these rising numbers may be frightening, but if we all do our part in controlling mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas at home we are helping to fight the spread of disease. Let Mosquito Squad of the South Shore help you do your part. Call us today. 508-536-4855
Malaria stays in the news in reference to underdeveloped countries, so it’s possible that you sometimes tune it out a bit. However, you may be hearing more talk of necessary vaccines before travel because malaria is popping up in places it wasn’t before: tourist spots, places that maybe you or your neighbor would go for vacation. This might have you wondering more about the history of malaria in the US and if there is a chance of a malaria outbreak in the United States ever again.
The History of Malaria in the U.S.
There are Chinese medical writings that date back to 2700 BC describing symptoms of malaria. It wasn’t until the late 1800s that many of the facts that we now know about malaria were discovered, including the fact that malaria is carried by parasites in the bloodstream and can be transmitted to humans by mosquitoes and to mosquitoes from infected humans.
In the early 1900s, when the United States occupied Cuba and construction of the Panama Canal was beginning, the US officials began to request funds to fight malaria and yellow fever and began to make real progress in this fight. In 1906, 21,000 of the 25,000 workers on the canal were hospitalized because of malaria. In 1912, only 5,600 of 50,000 workers were hospitalized.
It was in the 1940s that “eradication” became visible in the United States. At that time the National Malaria Society used the word eradication if no indigenous cases had occurred for three years. Later that definition came to be known as elimination and “eradication” had come to mean the total elimination of malaria, period.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) actually began as the “Office of Malaria Control in War Areas” and its main goal was to control malaria in and around military training bases during World War II. The organization was so successful that at the end of the war they continued working at control and elimination of malaria across the entire country. Through DDT applications in rural homes, cleaning and draining of mosquito breeding areas, and spraying of insecticides, malaria was eradicated in the United States in 1949.
The Current State of Malaria in the United States
It is rare for there to be locally transmitted outbreaks of malaria in the United States, but due to the number of mosquitoes especially in the southern states, the CDC continues to monitor and contain the few small instances that do occur.
There are other types of mosquito transmissions of malaria possible here. Airport Malaria is caused when mosquitoes hitch a ride from a location where malaria is present and survive the trip to an area where it is not. They can then bite a local resident. Congenital malaria is the term used to describe malaria cases where a mother transfers the illness in the womb or during childbirth. This is quite rare but doesn’t mean that it should be ruled out, especially when a child is born with fever. Last is transfusion-transmitted malaria. This occurs only about once every two years in the United States. It is when infected blood is given to a patient during a blood transfusion. There are no blood screening tests available for malaria in the US so extensive questioning of donors is required.
In 2016, approximately 445,000 people died of malaria. However, over the past 10 years, the mortality rate has been cut by 45%. This is due to increased intervention and collective resources in efforts of malaria control. The ultimate hope is worldwide eradication and Mosquito Squad of the South Shore have a vested interest in these efforts.
We also have an interest in keeping you protected on the home front. Our professional mosquito treatments eliminate 85-90% of mosquitoes on contact and help limit the concern of mosquito-borne illnesses like malaria becoming reintroduced in the United States. Call us now to schedule your treatment and we can also answer any questions you may have about our own efforts to eradicate malaria abroad. 508-536-4855
“You know, they don’t bother me that much, but they eat my kids alive.”
It’s not an uncommon discussion in summer months and you’ve probably heard one or more tale about what might or might not attract mosquitoes to you. However, you’ve probably not heard this one.
There is a new study showing mosquitoes are more attracted to people that already have malaria. Wow. That can’t be good.
The Malaria Attraction Study
Wageningen University & Research in The Netherlands, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Rothamsted Research put an international team of researchers together to study the odors that seem to make this sort of “fatal attraction” fact. The team found that there are three specific smells, in the form of aldehydes, that are very attractive to mosquitoes. Described as “fruity and grassy”, heptanal, octanal, and nonanal were recognized as these fairly common smells.
Within the study, 56 children between the ages of 5 and 12, were gathered to test their sweat and the smells that it created.
The researchers were able to chemically separate the ones that attracted the mosquitoes and the ones that did not. They found strong evidence that the children that carried Malaria possessed more of the specific aldehydes the mosquitoes were attracted to. The fact that mosquitoes are attracted to hosts with malaria can lead to a dangerous cycle of disease.
Infected mosquitoes bite, give a human malaria, non-infected mosquitoes are attracted to and bite the human, contract malaria… you get the idea.
But this information and the ability to identify the smell associated with malaria has a chance to turn it around as well. Compounds can be created to lure the mosquitoes to their death as opposed to more human victims.
Malaria on the Rise
The World Health Organization’s 2017 Malaria report has malaria on the rise in 2016 for the first time in 6 years. At Mosquito Squad of South Shore, we are serious about our desire to help end the misery that malaria is causing across the globe and we have partnered with Malaria No More to do just that. Studies like this are just another new reminder to keep fighting the good fight.
At home, we may not face a malaria threat, but West Nile and EEE continue to present an annual threat. Avoiding mosquito bites is still our best method of prevention. Our barrier spray kills 85-90% of existing mosquitoes on contact and continues to work for up to three weeks. Call us today for information about our professional mosquito prevention options and ways that you can join us in the fight against Malaria. We can’t wait to talk to you. 508-536-4855
Scientists at Johns Hopkins are hoping so. Malaria is an awful disease. It kills about a half a million people a year, mostly children. While most cases are in African regions, the CDC reports approximately 1,700 cases exist in the United States every year.
Malaria Research Continues with Malaria Resistant Mosquitoes
Strange ideas have been thought of before, like apps that track mosquitoes listening to their buzz or killer mosquitoes that hunt down infected ones. And while they may not have worked, the scientist community presses on.
This leads us to the latest idea: mosquito resistant mosquitoes. They are genetically engineering mosquitoes by removing the gene that helps malaria survive within the mosquito.
Researchers have been able to demonstrate that with the removal of this gene, the parasite that causes malaria could not survive within the mosquito long enough to cause harm to humans. Unfortunately, at this point, the modified mosquitoes appear to feed less, lay fewer eggs, and develop more slowly than their counterparts. So at this point they are not likely to take over the species.
But the work is not over. “A major problem with malaria control is that it is a disease of the poor developing world and requires active compliance and participation by the endemic population,” says George Dimopoulos, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The efforts to change the mosquitoes – instead of trying to conquer the disease by efforts of the people where resources are scarce, could be the solution the world is looking for.
At Mosquito Squad of South Shore, we hope that children will soon be able to live a life free of the fear of malaria. We believe that with each crazy idea we become a step closer. We also believe it’s important to stop the growth of the mosquito population here at home. Our barrier treatment will do just that by eliminating 85-90% of the mosquitoes in your yard. Call us today to schedule your first mosquito spray and your first step towards a life free of mosquitoes.
Vacation season is upon us. Are you aware of the vaccinations required and risks from mosquito-borne diseases where you are going?
Since the beginning of 2017, Yellow Fever has killed 237 people in Brazil. It seems that the sudden outbreak has traveled to areas that do not normally see Yellow fever. It’s affecting the edges of Sao Paulo, Rio, and Ilha Grande, all popular tourist spots.
Dr. Martin Cetron, director of the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine at the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases at the C.D.C., says that “This is not the time to go into an outbreak area unprotected.” Dr. Edward Ryan, director of Global Infectious Disease at Mass General does not know why the mosquitoes that carry yellow fever have moved from their usual spot up in the forest canopy down to these unexpected locations. This move, however, now creates concern that these mosquitoes could infect the Aedes Aegypti Mosquito. This mosquito already carries Zika, dengue, and chikungunya. They live close to the ground and feed on humans during the day – thriving in urban areas. If they become infected they create an even greater risk for humans.
There is no cure for yellow fever only treatment of the symptoms and it kills 20-50% of those infected. Initial symptoms include fever, chills, headache, backache and muscle aches and the fever can go on to damage the liver and create thinning of the blood. Vaccination is the best protection against Yellow Fever. It must be administered at least 10 days before you travel.
Unfortunately, at the moment there is a shortage of the vaccine in the United States. The company that produces it, Sanofi Pasteur, is working to upgrade their facilities for higher production. Also, a limited supply of a similar vaccine is being imported from Europe, however at this point, if you plan to travel to Brazil you will need to plan ahead. Safety precautions against the transmission of the disease are really a must at this time. Drs. Cetron and Ryan are optimistic that the fever will die down with the changing of the seasons, but they still say that vigilance is protection is a must.
Mosquito Squad of the South Shore urges you to continue to monitor these conditions through the CDC and follow all its advisements when traveling to countries known to carry disease. Your protection and health are important to us. If you have questions please don’t hesitate to give us a call. (508) 536-4855
The Patriot Ledger recently reported that state wildlife officials are considering adding two weeks to the beginning of archery season for hunting deer next year. What’s the purpose of this you might wonder? Well according to Mass.gov there is a definite overpopulation of whitetail deer in part of the state. While in some parts of Massachusetts there are 10-15 deer per square mile, in others there can be up to 80. The overpopulation is mostly caused by a lack of what used to be deer predators. Cougars, mountain lions, and wolves just don’t exist in areas where humans have taken over their habitat. And yet the deer actually thrive just at the edge of civilization. In suburban areas where there is likely less firearm hunting, whitetail deer love to feed on the vegetation right in our own backyards.
Why is deer overpopulation a problem?
There are several problems actually. First, the habitat simply can’t support too many deer. If 10-15 is ideal than 8 times as many throws off the balance for the sake of other animals as well as vegetation. They destroy lawns and landscaping which creates a financial burden on individuals and they cause accidents on our roadways. In deer vs. car accidents usually, everyone loses.
Secondly, the biggest problem is the rising instances of Lyme disease in the North East reaching epidemic levels. Lyme disease can devastate someone’s life and is a huge burden on the healthcare system. Lyme is transmitted by the ticks that live on these deer and it only stands to reason that more deer means more deer ticks.
Lengthening Bow Season
State officials have been holding hearings to discuss the additional hunting days throughout the beginning of March. At the moment they are only considering wildlife management zones 10-14, as they consider zones 1-9 to have manageable deer populations. Scientific research seems to support the idea that a reduction in the amount of deer will lead to a reduction in the amount of tick and tick-borne illness. The longer hunting season could be a cost-free solution for the state. Also since deer meat is an excellent food source, possibly healthier than red meat, there is value in the renewable resource.
At this point the extension does not appear to affect us at the South Shore, however on Middleborough.com, based on their published agenda, it does appear that this was discussed at the last meeting of the Board of Selectmen. This appears to be an idea in progress and at Mosquito Squad of the South Shore we are following it for you. All steps taken that may have a positive effect on the eradication of Lyme disease is important to us because the health of our families is important to us.
We consider South Shore residents to be a part of our family. That’s why we are here to help on the homefront. Call us today and let’s discuss how we can protect you from ticks and mosquitoes at home with our barrier treatment and tick tube systems. We have the plan that will work best for your family. (508) 536-4855
The Massachusetts Department of Health and Human Services begins testing mosquitoes in July for West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis, another mosquito-borne disease, to alert the public when the diseases are in their area. You can view up-to-date mosquito testing results at mosquitoresults.com.
West Nile Virus Mosquitoes
A mosquito tested positive for West Nile virus in Fairhaven on July 6th and since that story broke another tested positive in Abington. What does a positive West Nile Virus mosquito mean for you?
West Nile Virus is a disease that is spread to humans and birds by the bite of an infected mosquito. While most people never experience a symptom, it can be dangerous and even deadly. While it doesn’t get a ton of news coverage, West Nile Virus remains an annual threat through most of the United States. Read more about the symptoms of West Nile Virus to determine if you may have transmitted the disease.
West Nile Virus Arrives Early
West Nile Virus is typically found in mosquitoes before human cases pop up. The MDPH mosquito testing allows local and state municipalities to get involved with mosquito control should numbers become unusually high. South Coast Today reports that Fairhaven does treat catch basins with mosquito larvicide and offers help for homeowners who need it. Usually, it is the end of July or early August before West Nile Virus arrives on the scene, but the Fairhaven mosquito tested positive during the first week of July, meaning it is a bit early this year. Early positive results, typically mean it will be a longer West Nile virus season.
What do you need to do?
Keep an eye on mosquitoresults.com for up-to-date testing information in your area. If you are near any areas where positive WNV test results occur, take extra precautions when going outdoors. Use repellent, cover your skin, and be aware of the symptoms of West Nile Virus.
For care-free outdoor living at home, alert the Mosquito Squad of Fall River and the South Shore. We’ll be happy to help you enjoy the rest of the season with 85-90% fewer mosquitoes on your property. Call today. 508-536-4855
With a ridiculously wet spring, the Southeastern Massachusetts mosquito problem is out of control. Making it a perfect year to find out there is a smartphone application for mosquito control! Well, the app won’t rid you of mosquitoes, but it is intended to help with local mosquito control as well as global mosquito control efforts by collecting data and helping you identify mosquito breeds and their habitats.
Mosquito Habitat Mapper
The Mosquito Mapper App was created by NASA to give users the ability to identify mosquito types and their breeding sites. It also helps the user eliminate the breeding sites.
NASA satellites cannot detect mosquitoes, but they can monitor environmental changes that assist mosquito population growth. With the data entered by app users, they can research environmental conditions that cause mosquito outbreaks. The information gleaned can help early preparation for potential mosquito-borne disease outbreaks and provide knowledge for other research to battle mosquito-borne diseases.
How Does it Work?
Download the app and follow the prompts to observe the environment around you. You will be asked to observe, take pictures, and even count mosquito larvae found in breeding sites. You can also note when breeding sites have been eliminated, i.e., you dumped out a bucket of standing water.
Becoming a contributor to the worldwide battle against deadly mosquito-borne diseases is a great opportunity to help. Imagine if NASA can collect enough knowledge, discover patterns, and be able to prevent mosquito outbreaks and mosquito-borne pandemics? You’re using your phone all the time anyway, might as well put it to use. Take your kids outside, have them help you observe, we can all play a role in Southeastern Massachusetts mosquito control.
Lower the mosquitoes in your yard by up to 90% with our mosquito control barrier treatment, call Mosquito Squad of the South Shore today! 508-536-4855
Early reports this spring indicated that the rare but often deadly tick-born Powassan virus could be on the rise this year. We recently shared with you the harrowing story of a Cape Cod man who nearly succumbed to Powassan in 2014. With only five cases of Powassan reported statewide last year, it seemed alarming to hear of two Cape Cod men dying from the disease this year.
No Positive Test Results for Powassan in Barnstable County
The report of Powassan fatalities this year in Barnstable was false. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health reports that multiple people with central nervous system disease have been tested for Powassan, “At this time there have been no positive laboratory results, and therefore no confirmed or probable cases of Powassan reported in 2017 in Massachusetts.” While the news of a Falmouth and a Sandwich man dying from Powassan this year turned out to be false, we urge you not to let your guard down. While Powassan is rare, it does carry with it a 10-15% mortality rate, and there is no treatment or cure.
Tick Tests Positive for Powassan
We continue to urge you to get your ticks tested at tickreport.com. The cost for Barnstable County residents will only be $15 once you enter your zip code. As of June 20th, 2017 tickreport.com reports one tick in the state of Massachusetts has tested positive for Powassan virus this year.
How to Protect Yourself and Your Family from Powassan?
When you are out hiking, camping, and enjoying the gorgeous Massachusetts outdoors, follow tick safety procedures before you go, and upon your return. For at home protection, call Mosquito Squad of the South Shore to eliminate up to 90% of ticks from your yard. With our most popular tick control package, including tick treatment and tick tubes, we can eliminate this year’s adult ticks and interrupt the growth of the tick population to lower next year’s tick numbers. The fewer ticks, the lower the risk for tick disease. Call today for a free estimate (508) 536-4855
Despite its obvious benefits to our crops and lawns, rain can be a pain. From Plymouth to Sagamore and Mattapoisett we’ve had record rainfall since April, with no end in sight. As most of us have experienced lately, it ruins weekend plans for backyard barbecues, trips to the shore and cancels t-ball games. But, did you know that rain can have a lasting residual effect on our ability to enjoy the great outdoors in Southeastern Massachusetts?
Rain is the primary cause of the standing water that allows mosquitoes to breed and multiply quickly. While we have many marshlands and cranberry bogs in the area that feed the mosquito population, the standing water in our yards is usually a bigger source for their growth. Without wildlife such as frogs and fish in your child’s rain-filled sand bucket, a great deal more mosquito larvae and pupae make it to adulthood.
It is imperative, especially after days and weeks of frequent rain to keep vigilant in following the T’s of mosquito control.
Don’t forget these most often over-looked standing water sources during your post-rain yard check:
Pool covers and unopened pools
Leaf litter under decks and porches
Please take the time to check your yard after the rain. Dump and clear any standing water. Tell your neighbors, tell your friends and get your family involved to help us all enjoy our yards with fewer annoying and dangerous mosquitoes.
At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we are happy to be your best choice for mosquito control treatment with our most popular barrier spray eliminating 80-90% of mosquitoes on your property. Call today 508-536-4855
As Memorial Day is upon us, we can’t help but begin thinking about the next occasion to celebrate. With Southeastern Massachusetts summers being shorter than we’d like them to be, any reason to get everyone to come over and get outside is a good one! When you’re out in the backyard this Memorial Day weekend, pay attention to your battle with mosquitoes and ticks. Was it non-existent? Was it a slight annoyance? Or did the mosquitoes drive you into the house? Did you find a tick on the dog or the kids later?
How To Control Mosquitoes for a Backyard Party
Mosquito Squad of the South Shore has a mosquito and tick solution for your next backyard party. Our special event treatment eliminates 85-90% of mosquitoes and adult ticks for the duration of your party. Our specially trained technicians will cover every bit of your party space, paying close attention to areas where mosquitoes and ticks spend the most time. We even cover the entire lawn, to keep ticks and mosquitoes far away from your most enjoyed outdoor spaces.
Father’s Day is only a few weeks out, are you prepared to make sure the backyard grilling, yard games, and other activities are enjoyed without the annoyance or danger of mosquitoes and ticks? Your Dad would love to know you, he and the entire family have a lower risk for tick bites and mosquito bites while celebrating. Call us now to schedule your Father’s Day event treatment. 508-536-4855
Mosquito Control for Every Outdoor Occasion
Don’t forget; we treat for any summer backyard or outdoor party venue event. From weddings to graduation parties, to birthday parties and right up to back-to-school parties, we can keep your entire summer’s worth of events enjoyable. When you call to schedule for Father’s Day, schedule your entire season of parties all at once, and we’ll make sure you’re covered.
And if you spend every weekend outdoors all summer long with weekend yard games, barbecues, swimming, horseback riding and exploring the woods, sign up for the season. We offer our mosquito and tick barrier treatment for the full season, automatically spraying every 2-3 weeks to keep your property mosquito-free all summer. If you’re a seasonal member, you can simply inform our team of your summer’s special events, and we’ll arrange your schedule to ensure peak effectiveness is reached for your event. 508-536-4855
No matter how many times it happens, no one gets used to or appreciates the moment when they have to safely remove a tick from themselves, their child, or their pet. A necessary part of living in Massachusetts, a beautiful state that happens to be enjoyed by a large population of deer and deer ticks as well. While you may love the moment when you get to destroy the little bugger, you may want to reconsider your deer tick disposal methods.
The University of Massachusetts Amherst Laboratory of Medical Zoology will test your tick for common pathogens associated with the species. We often suggest saving the tick in a baggy with the date on it, and in the case you become ill, you can send it in and learn within 3 days of the lab receiving it, if your illness could be related to a tick bite.
Every Plymouth Deer Tick Should Be Tested for Tick-Borne Disease
However, we have reconsidered our stance. With the newly available public tick-borne disease data provided by UMass, we can learn our local risk level based on the results of ticks sent in for testing. Testing your tick provides more data for everyone in our area, the more ticks tested, the more accurate the results are when measuring risk for tick-borne diseases.
Since testing began in 2006, 77 ticks from Plymouth zip codes have been tested for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (the group of bacteria that cause Lyme disease). 22 of the 77 deer ticks tested positive. It would be a stretch to say that if a tick bites you in Plymouth, Mass you have a 28.57% chance of getting Lyme, as the data pool is too small to be very accurate. Imagine if every tick found was tested. We’d have a much truer sense of our local risk for Lyme disease.
When we check the results in other South Shore cities, we see a large spectrum of results and number of ticks tested:
Middleborough: 8 ticks tested, 2 positives for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato to, 25% positive.
Taunton: 10 ticks tested, 0 positive for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, 0% positive.
Wareham: 7 ticks tested, 2 positives for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, 28.57% positive.
Mattapoisett: 13 ticks tested, 2 positives for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, 15.38% positive.
Rochester: 37 ticks tested, 8 positives for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, 21.62% positive.
We urge all of the South Shore to send every tick you find into tickreport.com for testing. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health shows us through their surveillance of Lyme disease cases that Plymouth County is number two on the list for Massachusetts counties with the most confirmed cases of Lyme in 2014. With help from you and UMass Amherst tick testing, we can learn local risks down to the zip code for Lyme as well as rare tick-borne diseases such as Powassan, Babesiosis, and Anaplasmosis.
Regardless of your exact risk, it is clear that Lyme disease remains at epidemic levels in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Avoiding tick bites is the number one way to prevent Lyme disease. Lower your risks at home with tick control treatment from Mosquito Squad of the South Shore. With 85-90% reduction in ticks on your property, you can enjoy an active outdoor lifestyle without worry. Call today for a free quote. (508) 536-4855
Controlling Lyme disease is a complex problem with no easy solution. There are many available options, all with plenty of support and opposition, but there is no unanimous and obvious choice. From controlling deer populations to controlling mouse populations, researchers are busy trying to find the right solution for every area affected. With exploding deer populations in suburban areas, relaxing of hunting regulations are not effective for some of the most hard-hit Lyme infected Massachusetts towns where hunting is not possible.
Increased Deer Hunting
There is a great deal of conflict in the idea of controlling Lyme disease by eliminating large portions of the deer population through increased deer hunting. According to Miles O’Brien in the PBS story, “deer were hunted nearly to extinction a century ago…” but with legal protections and “regulated harvests,” the deer population nationwide has increased dramatically. He cites there are more than 30 million deer in the United States.
The overpopulation has created a situation where deer are thriving in suburban areas looking for food and coming right up to homes. O’Brien says that 10 deer per square mile is a density of deer that could help reduce Lyme disease rates, but places like the Blue Hills Reservation outside of Boston in Milton, Massachusetts has approximately 85 deer per square mile. With such a large number of hosts for ticks, the area is suffering from a Lyme disease epidemic.
Many people are avidly against hunting the deer and are eager for a better solution.
Decrease Mouse Populations
White-footed mice are the reservoir host for ticks, responsible for infecting the ticks with the bacteria that causes Lyme disease. Targeting mice could essentially limit the spread of Lyme dramatically, but the practicality of that method has been called into question by experts working on the solution. At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we use these white-footed mice to target the ticks themselves. Providing treated nesting materials in tick tubes, the mice build their dens with it which eliminates the ticks that are living with and feeding on the mice.
Deer Birth Control?
Yes, we are serious. The National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Maryland, are trying birth control for deer. They tranquilize the deer and then surgically sterilize them. With the benefit of wide-spread social support, deer birth control could be the long-term solution to Lyme disease.
The Humane Society is also joining the birth control effort with a birth control vaccine that lasts for approximately 22-months. This method is labor intensive and will require continuous constant effort. What’s the one big downfall? The birth control method takes approximately 5 – 10 years before its effects on the deer population is felt. So while it could be the long-term solution, it will require the sacrifice of immediate results.
While the experts work on short and long-term solutions to controlling Lyme disease, you can protect yourself and your family with tick control from Mosquito Squad of the South Shore today. With our Intensive Tick Treatment program, you can reduce ticks on your property by 85-90%. Call today for a free quote: 508-536-4855
Lyme Disease in the South Shore of Massachusetts is at epidemic proportions and expected to be significantly worse this summer. With that being said, we are always staying on top of the latest discoveries in Lyme disease symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments.
The difficult diagnosis has been one of the biggest struggles for patients who are ill without having or noticing the infamous bulls-eye rash. With a variety of other symptoms, all of which could be attributed to other conditions and the unique combinations of these symptoms in every case, diagnosing Lyme has not improved much in recent years.
The CDC has recently released a handy chart of reported Lyme disease cases by symptoms. While the CDC thinks the actual number of cases is about 10x higher than those reported, this chart shows the variety of symptoms in those cases diagnosed, giving us a glimpse into the reasons why so many other cases may have gone undiagnosed.
With 71% of reported cases showing the stereotypical bulls-eye rash, it is not surprising to hear reports of those who do not notice or have a rash struggle to get a proper diagnosis. But with increased education of populations in high-risk areas such as Lakeville, Middleborough, Plymouth and the rest of Southeastern Massachusetts we can help people be aware of the possibilities when symptoms develop. We particularly like the comprehensive list of Lyme symptoms and other helpful resources provided by Lymedisease.org.
In the meantime, prevention is the best medicine. Following the CDC’s Lyme prevention checklist, following Mosquito Squad of South Shore’s 6Cs of tick control for your yard and signing up for our Intensive Tick Control program to lower ticks on your property by 85-90%. Call now for a free quote 508-536-4855
CBS Boston reports that EEE (Eastern Equine Encephalitis) has been detected in a mosquito in Middleborough, Massachusetts, as of July 15th. The Public Health Department states that there have been no human cases as of yet this year and were none last year, so they do not consider any elevated risk at this point. However because there is a potential for fatality in humans, precautions such as insect repellant and limited outdoor time should be taken. You can continue to follow risk levels on the Health and Human services’ website.
Horses Face the Biggest Threat from EEE
The horse population is generally the main victim of EEE, a mosquito-borne illness. The death rate among those that contract EEE is 75-90%. Visible symptoms can include fever, depression, loss of appetite, weakness, lack of coordination caused by a central nervous system disorder, irritability and aggressiveness, blindness, and abnormal sensitivity to light and sound. The horses that do survive are likely to show permanent brain damage.
The good news is that there is a vaccine for EEE in horses. The Department of Animal Science from the University of Connecticut suggests vaccination at least once a year. They go on to further suggest possible vaccination every six months if near the coast, where mosquitoes are more prevalent and live for a longer period of time. They also suggest fans in your horse buildings, covering your horses with fly sheets, removing standing and stagnant water, keeping gutters along outbuildings and barns clear, avoiding rides or turning your horses out at dawn or dusk when mosquito activity is higher, and avoid turning on lights in or near stables after dusk. Because the outcome of EEE for your precious animals is most likely bleak, prevention is absolutely paramount.
EEE Can Affect Humans Too
The truth being that human contraction of EEE is rare does not change the severity of it. In reference to humans the CDC calls Eastern Equine Encephalitis “the most severe mosquito-transmitted diseases in the United States with approximately 33% mortality and significant brain damage in most survivors”.
Protect Your Pets, Your Family, Your Business
Mosquito Squad of the South Shore wants to help keep you protected from all Middleborough mosquito-borne illness. First, we urge you to take precaution by following the 5 Ts of mosquito protection and rid your yard, farm, or stables of anything that can promote mosquito breeding. Second… call us. Our traditional barrier spray will eliminate 85-90% of all mosquitoes on your property or our automated misting system will create continuous protection all season long; a great solution for horse stables. We work hard to create a plan that works for your individual needs. Whether your horses are an economic investment or a beloved family pet, we want to help you keep them safe from mosquitoes and the diseases they carry. Our services always include our 100% satisfaction guarantee! Call or email us today. [email protected](508) 536-4855 or complete the short form below.
In early spring, Plymouth County Mosquito Control District began spraying for mosquitoes and applying larvicide to combat the spread of dangerous mosquito-borne diseases like Zika, Triple E, and West Nile Virus. The idea is to get mosquitoes early in the season and early in development for better season long results. But this year hundreds of acres in Lakeville and thousands across the state will not be treated due to a no-spray request from the Mass Audobon.
Lakeville’s Cedar Swamp Not Receiving Mosquito Control Treatment
CBS Boston reports that Mass Audobon, a non-profit land preservation organization has requested thousands of acres be exempt from spraying. While many residents and horse farmers in Lakeville think more spraying is needed, not less, there is nothing the residents can do about it. Requests for exemption from mosquito treatment can be made by private landholders for a variety of valid reason. The Mass Audobon sites the impact the spray can have on bees and other wildlife as part of their reasoning.
The Department of Public Health is concerned about Triple E in particular, as it is such a deadly mosquito-borne disease, but says even with the no-spray requests that mosquito control efforts are still useful. Lakeville residents remain concerned because the 900 acre Cedar Swamp owned by Mass Audobon is a fruitful mosquito breeding ground.
When the risks for Triple E and West Nile Virus are at high levels, the Mass Audobon will let the spraying take place. The last time DPH enforced a high threat level was in 2012. Residents voice their preference for making public health the bigger priority in this case.
If you live near the Lakeville Cedar Swamp and are concerned about the lack of effectiveness from the efforts of the Plymouth County Mosquito Control District, call Mosquito Squad of the South Shore. Our traditional barrier spray can eliminate up to 90% of mosquitoes in your yard. We also offer a natural mosquito spray if you have a need for a more natural mosquito control solution. (508) 536-4855
Despite all of the news related to Zika Virus, West Nile Virus (WNV) is still a yearly threat to be aware of in the South Shore of Massachusetts. In 2015, there were 9 confirmed cases of WNV in Massachusetts, 6 cases became serious and 2 lead to death. While WNV is rare, it can be very dangerous and even deadly to everyone in the South Shore from Plymouth to Kingston to Scituate.
What is West Nile Virus?
West Nile Virus (WNV) is mainly transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes, but can be transmitted through blood transfusions, organ transplants and from mother to baby. The mosquitoes become infected with West Nile from biting infected birds.
Symptoms of West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus is asymptomatic in about 80% of infected individuals. The 20% who become ill can experience flu-like symptoms such as a headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, fever or rash. Fatigue and weakness can last for months, but most people with these mild symptoms recover completely.
Less than 1% of WNV cases become severely ill with a neurological illness such as encephalitis or meningitis. With the inflammation of the brain or surrounding tissue, these WNV patients can experience headaches, high fever, stiff neck, disorientation, coma, tremors, seizures or paralysis. Elderly individuals and people with certain medical conditions such as kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, hypertension or those who have had an organ transplant are at higher risk for serious neurological WNV illness. Severe WNV disease can take several weeks to a month to recover while some neurological health effects can become permanent. About 10% of those who develop severe neurological WNV illness will die.
Treatment for West Nile Virus
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for West Nile Virus. Treatment should focus on relieving symptoms while those who experience severe neurological illness often need to be hospitalized. If you suspect you have West Nile Virus it is vital to see a doctor for proper care.
Prevention is the best way to avoid West Nile Virus in the South Shore. Avoiding mosquitoes and mosquito bites is the best method of WNV prevention. Mosquito Squad of the South Shore offers a variety of mosquito control methods for your property. Our best-selling mosquito barrier spray will eliminate 85-90% of the mosquitoes on your property, and we’ll come back and spray every 2-3 weeks for the season. Call today for mosquito control in Plymouth, Kingston, Scituate and the rest of the South Shore Mass area. (508) 536-4855
From 2004 to 2013, Massachusetts was the #1 state for cases of a rare mosquito-borne illness called Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), commonly called “Triple E.” According to the CDC, Massachusetts reported 24 confirmed cases of EEE in humans during the period; the next highest state was Florida with 14 cases.
What is EEE?
Spread to humans and horses by the bite of an infected mosquito; EEE is a rare but deadly disease. Most people infected with the EEE virus never experience symptoms of illness. Those who do become ill can become severely ill with encephalitis (inflammation of the brain.) Severe cases of EEE begin with sudden onset high fever, headache, chills and vomiting. It can further progress to disorientation, seizures or coma. Approximately 33% of EEE cases lead to death, and most survivors experience severe brain damage. There is no specific treatment, cure or vaccine. However, it is vital to see your doctor who can help treat the symptoms and monitor your condition.
EEE in Horses
Horses can be infected by EEE from the bite of an infected mosquito. Triple E in horses is much more dangerous than in humans with the virus being fatal in 90% of cases that move to neurological illness. Symptoms of EEE in horses vary but can include depression, fever, listlessness progressing to neurological symptoms such as circling, head pressing, stumbling, coma and death. If you suspect EEE in your horse you need to get an emergency veterinarian visit immediately. The progression of EEE in horses is very fast, most deaths from EEE in horses happen within 48-72 hours of onset of illness.
The Good News for Horses
There is a vaccine for EEE in horses. The American Association of Equine Practitioners has the EEE vaccination list on their core list of vaccinations all horses should get. The list also includes vaccines for Western Equine Encephalitis, West Nile Virus, rabies and tetanus. Annual vaccinations for EEE should be done in spring before mosquito season. Work with your veterinarian to make sure your horses are getting the vaccinations at the time that is right for them.
At Mosquito Squad of South Shore we offer additional prevention and peace of mind with a variety of mosquito control services. For your yard, our traditional barrier spray eliminates 85-90% of mosquitoes. For your barn or stables, a mosquito control misting system can offer continuous protection all season long with daily sprays for a more than 90% reduction in mosquitoes. Call today to find out the right mosquito control method for you. 508-536-4855
There are few people in Massachusetts who don’t know someone who has been affected by Lyme Disease. Typical cases of Lyme Disease are successfully treated with antibiotics, and the patient goes on to live a normal productive life. This is the case more and more now that Lyme Disease has gotten more news coverage and people have become more aware of the signs and symptoms of Lyme Disease.
What may be confusing to many is that the cases of Lyme Disease brought to light by celebrities in the news seem to be much worse than what we report as the typical case of Lyme Disease illness. While the statistics are up for debate, lymedisease.org reports anywhere from 10-39% of patients experience symptoms of what is known as Chronic Lyme Disease or Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS). These cases usually occur when a patient was not treated, not treated properly, not treated early, or undertreated.
The Symptoms of Chronic Lyme Disease
Patients with chronic Lyme disease are quite often debilitated. They are often unable to work and experience a quality of life reported as worse than most other chronic illnesses. Symptoms of chronic Lyme disease can include lingering fatigue, pain, and joint or muscle aches. Chronic Lyme can cause negative health effects in the brain, nervous system, muscles, joints, heart, circulatory system, digestion, reproductive system and skin. Symptoms can come and go for months.
Treatment for Chronic Lyme Disease
The CDC reports treating chronic Lyme with prolonged antibiotics, but that studies show antibiotics didn’t speed up recovery versus patients using placebos. Chronic Lyme usually resolves on its own, but it can take months to recuperate fully.
Dangerous of Chronic Lyme
Chronic Lyme disease can have detrimental effects on a person’s life. They can lose their job, become disabled and suffer tremendously. There are only a few cases of death related to Lyme Disease, and they are attributed to a condition called Lyme Carditis. Approximately 1% of Lyme cases result in Lyme Carditis, a potentially life-threatening symptom that occurs when Lyme bacteria enters the tissue of the heart. Lyme Carditis requires antibiotics, sometimes intravenously if the case is severe enough. Lymedisease.org reports 23 known cases where Lyme carditis has lead to sudden death, making it a very rare condition.
Public Lyme Disease education is one of the best ways to lower the incidents of chronic Lyme disease. It is vital to know the symptoms of Lyme, how to check for ticks and what to do if you become ill from a tick bite. At Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we know preventing tick bites by lowering the number of ticks in your yard is another great way to lower your risk for Lyme Disease. Our 100% satisfaction guaranteed tick treatment can lower the number of ticks on your property by 85-90%. Call today to sign up for the season. 508-536-4855
Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis…if it sounds scary, it’s because it can be if not treated. HGA or simply Anaplasmosis is a tick-borne illness spread by the black-legged or “deer tick”, that occurs mostly in the Northeast and upper Midwest. We have become very aware of how prevalent these ticks have become here in Massachusetts over the last few years. With the growth of deer tick populations, we have also seen an increase in incidences of Anaplasmosis. According to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health there was an 84% rise in Anaplasmosis cases between 2013 and 2014 in Massachusetts.
What Makes Anaplasmosis Dangerous
Often people are unaware they have been bitten by a tick, so noticing symptoms and checking your body and clothing after spending time outdoors is very helpful. Typically within two weeks of a tick bite symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle pain, chills, cough, nausea, confusion, and malaise can occur. Symptoms vary and not every infected person will get every symptom. You may be wondering if a rash is also a symptom, but with Anaplasmosis, it is very rare. If a rash were to develop it would be best to be tested for Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever as well.
Anaplasmosis infects the white blood cells which can make it even more dangerous for individuals with a compromised immune system. Adding to the potential danger is the difficulty diagnosing Anaplasmosis due to the varying symptoms. Most cases are treated with antibiotics and though Anaplasmosis can be fatal if not treated correctly, according to the CDC the estimated case fatality rate is less than 1%.
New Discoveries About Anaplasmosis
Researchers from the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine are studying the protein makeup of Anaplasmosis as well as the antibodies the humans and animals produce against it. Their research is believed to be the track that could lead towards a vaccine. Until then we believe, at Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, that it is best to focus on prevention. We remind you to keep your yard safe by following the 6C’s of tick protection and call us to schedule your barrier spray and tick tube installation. We can eliminate 85-90% of the ticks in your yard while slowing the growth of future tick population. Call today. 508-536-4855 Our services are backed by a 100% satisfaction guarantee!
What can be better than a quiet spring morning spent with nature? You and your coffee, on the deck in your comfy chaise, listening to the birds chirp and watching bumble bees move from flower to flower. Suddenly there’s a rustle at the back of your yard and a beautiful doe steps out from the trees. It sounds so relaxing doesn’t it? I hate to ruin this lovely scenario, but that female deer could very well be covered with ticks and now she’s brought them into your yard. With 3,816 confirmed cases of Lyme Disease and another 3,646 probable cases in 2014, there is no doubt that we have hit epidemic levels in Massachusetts. Lyme disease is spread by these deer ticks that hitched a ride out of the woods.
The Life Cycle of a Deer Tick
Understanding the tick life cycle just a little helps to understand when you are at risk the most. Adult female ticks lay eggs in spring that will hatch into larvae in summer. The larvae will look for their first blood meal. It is with each blood meal that they are able to move on to the next life stage and it is with this first blood meal that ticks may become infected with disease. The larvae take their meals mostly from small birds and rodents. When the larvae become nymphs in the spring they will look for larger hosts such as deer, dogs, and humans. Nymphs will take their second blood meal and become adults in late summer or fall and then the adult female will look for its final meal allowing her to lay her eggs. It is from the nymph through adult life stage that we are at risk of catching Lyme disease from these deer ticks and while risk is greatest late spring to summer, it is not impossible through the winter if the conditions are suitable for the ticks to survive.
How Do Ticks Travel
Unable to fly or jump a tick must wait and latch on to its host. This waiting is called “questing.” They rest at the end of shrubs and blades of grass, holding on with their hind legs and reaching out with their front legs – climbing on as the host brushes by. Deer ticks can detect breath, body odors, body heat, moisture and vibrations. They can also identify well-worn paths to wait for their victims. So the ticks lay in wait, along hiking paths and well travelled wooded areas, attaching themselves to their hosts and traveling to whatever the destination may be. Often, as described above, this destination will be your backyard.
Deer Ticks Carry Other Diseases As Well
The fact that deer ticks carry Lyme disease is something we have all become familiar with in Massachusetts because of the high number of cases of the disease. We know to look for the bullseye-shaped rash and the flu like symptoms and we know that if it goes untreated chronic Lyme can plague you forever. Deer ticks carry other diseases as well. Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, and Powassan virus are carried by the deer tick and can be fatal if not treated. If you are bitten by a tick the best thing to do is make note of the date, watch for symptoms, and contact your doctor if they occur. However at Mosquito Squad of the South Shore, we would like to help you focus on prevention. Our tick control services can eliminate 85-95% of ticks in your yard. Make an appointment today and we will use our barrier spray and tick tube system to help safeguard your family from tick-borne illness. Call today. 508-536-4855 Our services are backed by a 100% satisfaction guarantee!
In Massachusetts, when you think of ticks what probably comes to mind are deer ticks and dogs ticks. According to the Angell Animal Medical Center there is now a 3rd tick to concern yourself with – the Lone Star tick. Until recently these ticks were only common in the southeast, but they are making their way north. The presence has been seen here in Massachusetts, and Dr. Catherine M. Brown, Massachusetts public health veterinarian says that “we expect continued and growing evidence of the lone star tick in Massachusetts.”
What is a Lone Star Tick?
Lone Star ticks are small, the size of a seed maybe, and brown in color. The females have a white dot in the middle of their backs, making them easy to distinguish from the dark black spot on the back of a deer tick. Lone Star ticks are different from what we have come to expect from ticks in many ways. They move very quickly, have excellent vision, they are aggressive and they actually swarm which makes them much more dangerous for our pets.
This year’s mild winter seems to have made for a surge in tick activity already. Ticks survive in colder weather than people imagine as long as they have the moisture and food host they require. With a mild winter not only are more ticks out, people and their pets are out moving amongst them more. The Boston Globe reports an increase of 125% in tick-borne illness in dogs as this same time last year.
The Danger of Lone Star Ticks in the South Shore
Lone Star ticks can carry Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), Tularemia, Ehrlichiosis, and STARI. STARI is a rash that is not so harmful and can be treated, but it also looks very similar the rash that comes with Lyme disease so a patient may be treated as if he has Lyme. RMSF, Tularemia, and Ehrlichiosis can also be treated, but without treatment, there can be severe complications.
Ticks do not only live in rural wooded areas. They are in our parks and yards. To avoid ticks and tick-borne diseases, prevention is your best option. Mosquito Squad of the South Shore offers tick control services which can eliminate 85-95% of the ticks in your yard. Let us tell you how our barrier spray and tick tube system works together to keep your family and pets protected. Call today. 508-536-4855
Living in the deer tick capital of the United States, Massachusetts residence more than anyone need to know how to deal with ticks. This knowledge not only includes how to eliminate ticks and avoid ticks but what to do should you, unfortunately, find a tick on you, your child or your pet.
You’ve done your duty in checking for ticks after a day of outdoor activity and you found one. You followed careful instructions on how to remove a tick with pointy tweezers, but now you are stuck holding a tick in your tweezers. How should you dispose of it?
How NOT to Kill a Tick
Never, ever try to burn, shock, or smother a tick while it is still attached to you or your pet, this could lead to regurgitating into the bite, increasing chances for transmitting a tick-borne disease. Always follow the safe tick removal method before killing a tick.
Once safely removed, there is a plethora of fun and funny methods for disposing of ticks posted around the interwebs. Some of these methods might indeed work, but could be dangerous or less effective than our best advice. Never try to smash a tick, they don’t crush easily and could escape. The most popular piece of advice we hear is to burn the ticks, this most definitely will kill them, but is unnecessarily aggressive. Other methods include dropping them in dish soap, mouth wash, or the toilet. A tick won’t drown in the toilet, but if you do flush them, they won’t be back. Just make sure they go down with the water.
The Best Way to Dispose of a Tick
We often follow the close advice of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), but in the case of tick disposal, we have a slight modification. After safely removing a tick, use packaging tape to tape it to an index card with the date on it. Hang on to the card for 6 months or so. If any symptoms should appear, you can have the tick identified and even tested for Lyme disease or other tick-borne diseases for faster diagnosing. Alternatively, you can place it in a dated sealed bag or bottle with a bit of rubbing alcohol.
With the prevalence of Lyme Disease in the South Shore area and the dangers it can present, hanging on to your tick is a great way to assist your doctor or veterinarian in diagnosing illnesses.
Prevention is always the best method for avoiding ticks and tick-borne diseases. Mosquito Squad of the South Shore offers tick control services which can eliminate 85-95% of the ticks in your yard. Call today. 508-536-4855
If you’re spending any amount of time outdoors in Scituate, Plymouth or the rest of the South Shore Massachusetts area, you hopefully are following our advice to perform tick checks on yourself, your kids and your pets. With the deer tick population being at epidemic proportions in our area, it is inevitable that you will soon, if you haven’t already, find a tick embedded in your skin.
While your initial response may be to grab hold and rip it out as fast as you can, there is definitely a risk involved if you remove a tick without proper precautions. Since Lyme disease takes 24-48 hours, removing a tick safely can mean the difference between becoming infected with Lyme disease and avoiding the transfer of bacteria from an infected tick upon removal.
Use pointy tweezers. Standard household tweezers are not effective for removing tiny nymph ticks and increase your chances for ripping the tick upon removal.
Before removing the tick, disinfect the area with rubbing alcohol to avoid getting bacteria into the bite upon removal.
Use your pointy tweezers to grab the tick firmly and as close to your skin as possible, preferably around the tick’s head.
Tip the tick upright so that you can pull it out slowly & steadily upwards. If the tick’s mouthparts break off in your skin, use the tweezers to remove them separately. The tick cannot transmit disease without its body so there is no additional reason to worry if this occurs.
Disinfect the bite thoroughly after the tick is removed.
With an abundance of stunning parks and hiking trails in Plymouth, Middleborough and all of the South Shore area, it does not escape us that you spend time outdoors away from your tick treated yard. It is important when you are spending time in untreated outdoor places that you check yourself for ticks when you come in. With the tick population being at noticeably high levels and the prevalence of Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses in our area, checking for ticks can be the difference between becoming infected or not. Deer ticks have to be latched on to their host for 24-48 hours to infect people, making regular tick checks crucial to lowering your risks. Most experts advise checking yourself for ticks every day in the spring through fall months.
I always recommend using a lint roller before you go indoors to remove ticks from the outside of your clothing as best you can. This limits the number of ticks that get in your house potentially biting you, a family member or a pet.
Start Between Your Toes
Ticks do not jump, they grab ahold when you walk by. This means that if you are checking yourself within a short time of going inside, they can usually be found on the lower half of your body. Starting your tick self-check from the floor up is a great way to start. When given time, ticks will climb up, looking for places that are dark and moist to hide (think behind the knees, near the groin and in armpits). It is best to have a system for checking so you don’t miss a spot. It is also best to go to a private area with a mirror such as a bathroom.
The Tick Self-Check
Start by peeling back the top of each sock checking your ankles, lower legs & behind your knees. As you pull your sock off, check between your toes. Undress and slowly move your way up, examining and feeling every inch of your legs. Those with leg hair need to lift leg hair and look close at the hair follicle area. As you move up, pay close attention to the inner thighs and groin area. Use a hand held mirror and look under areas where ticks could hide. Check your mid-section carefully, even inside your belly button. Checking under your breasts and inside your armpits is vital as they provide great hiding spots. If your armpits have hair, be sure to look through it carefully. Ticks can often be found behind the ears, back of the neck and in the hair. If you need help checking your head, get a partner or use your hands to feel and a hand-held mirror to look.
Dry Your Clothing on High for 10 Minutes
Clothing worn in wooded areas needs to be taken off immediately and placed in the clothes dryer on high for 10 or more minutes. Washing ticks does not kill them. Once you’ve dried the clothes you can throw them in with the rest of the laundry or wash them as normal. Never throw your hiking clothes directly in the laundry pile when you come in. Ticks could climb on you, your kids or your pets later.
If you’re interested in living a worry-free outdoor lifestyle, consider our tick control services for your home and follow our blog for the best and latest on ticks, tick control and tick-borne diseases in South Shore Massachusetts. (508) 536-4855
If you check every day you can spot bites or engorged ticks if you missed them the first time. Stay tuned next week to find out what to do if you find a tick.
There is more than one mosquito responsible for transmitting Zika Virus. The main culprit in the Brazil outbreak is called the Aedes Aegypti which is not found in South Shore or most of the Northeast. However, the Aedes Aegypti otherwise known as the Asian Tiger mosquito is in South Shore Mass and can transmit the Zika Virus.
Asian Tiger Mosquito
The Asian Tiger Mosquito Transmits Zika Virus
The Asian Tiger is a nasty little bugger who feeds during the daytime as well as at dawn & dusk. It is such a nuisance that we wrote an entire page about it last year.
Asian Tiger mosquitoes are recognized easily by their bold silver white scale stripes. They are noticeably active even during the hottest part of the day. They are considered highly aggressive and are not easily deterred. Asian Tiger mosquitoes are container breeders, which means they thrive successfully in suburban and urban environments as well as rural areas. They are responsible for carrying and transmitting over 30 viruses including West Nile Virus (WNV), encephalitis, Tripe E (Easter Equine Encephalitis), Chikungunya and now Zika Virus.
Could the Culex Mosquito Carry Zika Too?
Last week (March 7) PBS reported a story about a preliminary study that points to the possibility of the Culex mosquito carrying Zika Virus as well. There are several species in the Culex mosquito group, together they can be found throughout the United States.
The study not only found that Culex can be infected with Zika, but they could also “reproduce the virus in their salivary glands.” These results are preliminary and still face rigorous testing from the entomologist community. If more studies reveal the Culex mosquito to be a vector of Zika Virus, the world will have to adjust their approach to preventing the virus as current efforts have been primarily focused on the Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus. The Culex pipiens is a common Massachusetts mosquito and will certainly be a factor for us if the results of this test are proven.